Philippines
    BIKOL DICTIONARY
    Malcolm W Mintz



    English-Bikol Index
    Volume I



    Volume I of the dictionary is the English-Bikol Index. This volume has a detailed introduction which describes general aspects of the language and its grammar.

    Included in the Introduction is a discussion of the dialect situation in the region. There is also a discussion of the various changes which have occurred in Bikol due to extended contact with Spanish and English.

    The introduction also looks at the alphabet and writing system. Discussed here is the writing of native Bikol words, the writing of words borrowed from Spanish and those borrowed from English. Also included is a detailed presentation of the Sound System, examining the vowels and consonants of Bikol, as well as timing and word stress.

    The section on Grammar looks at the major aspects of the language. Discussed are the syntactic markers, personal and demonstrative pronouns, verbs and tenses. Also examined are the various sentence patterns: verbal, equational and existential, the form of negation for these sentence types, the sentence and phrase linkers, possessive phrases, modification phrases and adjectives. A detailed discussion is also devoted to the various verbal and nominal affixes.

    Following this is a section outlining the use of the dictionary. The first section looks at use of the English-Bikol Index, and the second, the Bikol-English Dictionary.

    The English-Bikol Index contains 20,000 English headwords. Associated with each headword is a Bikol word base which can be found in the Bikol-English Dictionary (Volume II).

    An attempt has been made in compiling the English-Bikol Index to direct the reader in as detailed a way as possible to the most precise Bikol word corresponding to an English equivalent. As a result, a number of specific Bikol words may be given for each English headword. Each of these is accompanied by a short context so that the proper word may be selected. The entry for kick, for example, has 11 possible Bikol equivalents depending on whether the kick is with the side of the foot, the toe or the sole of the foot, whether it is a kick such as that used in swimming, or that made by a child throwing a tantrum, or whether something is being kicked into place, or someone is being kicked out of anger, and so on.

    A feature of the English-Bikol Index is the extended and summary headword entries. For example, listed under the headword entry color are not only the general terms associated with the entry, but all of the colors in Bikol as well. The same is true for sound and smell, for illness, marriage, rice and many others. These are examples of extended entries.

    The summary headword entries are groupings of Bikol terms related to a single topic or a set of related topics. Listed here are not only headword entries, but also entries where reference is made to a particular topic in example sentences. Some of the summary headword entries are: Climate and weather, medicine and medical care, religion, servants and slaves, war and conflict, social status and food and cooking. Summary headword entries are simply lists of related Bikol words. Extended entries present a context for each Bikol word.

    It is also possible to identify modern usage from the historical usage exemplified by entries from the Marcos de Lisboa Vocabulario de la lengua Bicol. Words which are no longer used in modern Bikol are marked with an asterisk (*).

    Dialect entries may also be identified. Entries which are not generally used in the standard Bikol of Naga City are accompanied by the general location where they are used. For example, words marked (D- Albay) are used in the areas of Albay province where standard Bikol is spoken, in particular, Legazpi City.


    Click here to see the Table of Contents, and here to sample the first page.

    Volume II - Bikol-English Dictionary.


    INDONESIAN / MALAY TEXTS
    2004 ISBN 0 9580383 3 3 (Set), ISBN 0 9580383 4 1 (Vol. I)
    PB xii + 1-400 pp 297 x 210 mm.

    AUTHOR
    Malcolm W Mintz

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